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Sir Neil Cossons

Neil Cossons From school days in Beeston to life at the top of English Heritage is a very long journey but as Sir Neil Cossons retires this summer (2007)1, that is exactly what he can look back on. Not that it is likely that Neil will spend a long while resting on his laurels as his passion for the conservation of the heritage and the demand for his vision and dedication, is sure to keep him occupied even in retirement. Whatever he chooses to do, we wish him well.

Born in Beeston in 1939, he was the son of Arthur Cossons - himself a pioneer in local history, way before it became as fashionable as it is today. It was the enthusiasm of the father that kindled in the young Neil, an interest in the remains of the past during the familyís regular expeditions, often by Bartonís bus ("were Bartonís buses really all different ?", Neil has since wondered2 - a thought that can be readily echoed by all those who remember this local icon from an era still recalled by many.) These expeditions were to discover remnants of the past around the East Midlands - mills, canals, bridges, industrial remains of all kinds and, most of all, traces of forgotten turnpikes, one of Arthurís particular interests. Perhaps not realising it at the time, Neil had already become aware of the significance of "place" - how the past had shaped the present and had impacted on the evolution of the landscape and how that past had a part to play in the development of the environment in the future. It was a concept that has shaped his career.

Arthur Cossons Arthur Cossons (1893-1963) (Shown left) had been appointed as Head Teacher of Church Street Junior Boysí School3, in August 1932 and, by 1933, the school logbook records his keen interest in local history and that he had already started school visits to places of historical interest. Neil has described his father as a "natural teacher" whose passion for the past was passed on enthusiastically to generations of pupils and is still recalled to this day.4

Arthur Cossonís influence went beyond the classroom; his feel for the history around him resulted in a body of published papers, some through the Transaction of the Thoroton Society, which touched on early enclosure in Beeston, lost village structures in Chilwell, much on turnpike roads throughout Village Cross Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire and the area generally and - even more tangibly - the rescue of the remains in Beeston ancient market cross which he rediscovered. built into the wall of Manor Lodge and had re-erected at the side of his school - where it survives today. (shown right)5

Church Street was to be Neilís first school and, much later, when writing in a forward to "Beeston Now & Then"6 he described his early life in Beeston and how it operated as a self contained community offering everything that was needed - "Mr Noble on Church Street cut my hair, shoes were bought from Mr Ablett, feed for the hens came from the poultry club and fuse wire from Applebeeís". Although a scholarship to Henry Mellish Grammar School7 took him a little further afield, there seems no doubt that these early experiences in Beeston, assisted immeasurably by a father whose passion for the history around him, were to have a lasting influence.8 Neilís early insights into how the town worked were strengthened further during six summers working in school and university holidays as a porter at Beeston station, and observed how the railway carried large volumes of parcel traffic to support Beestonís then bustling traditional industries.

In due course, it was on to University of Liverpool - in a city that can only have intensified that perception of the contribution of the past to the present and of the need to carefully interpret and preserve the best - from where he graduated with a degree in Historical Geography.

His career developed rapidly; after a short period as graduate trainee at Leicester Museum, he went on to posts in the Great Western Railway Museum in Swindon and then, in 1964, to Bristol Museum where he set up a new technology department. It was clear that his reputation was well established when, at the young age of 29, he was appointed deputy director of Liverpool Museum. Then, just a few years later, in 1971, he became the first director of Ironbridge Gorge Trust in Shropshire. During his 13 years in this post, this remarkable museum became a triumph at all levels. While maintaining a sound professional historical and conservational base, it had a popular appeal, making history accessible to a mass audience on a unprecedented scale - and transforming the economics of the area in the process. This was what he believed in passionately - the heritage of the "place" contributing positively to the present. The museum - and the concept - was a spectacular success and it continues to attract many visitors today.

In 1986, after a brief term as Director of the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich he was appointed director of the Science Museum in London. His term there - longer than any previous director - lasted for 14 years, culminating in the opening of the Wellcome Wing in 2000.

Blue plaque In April 2000 he accepted the Chairmanship of English Heritage - considered by many to be the most important and influential position in the heritage world, requiring the highest level of experience in maintaining relationships with a wide range of interested parties - including Government, professional historians and ordinary folk interested in the heritage. All these he was able to bring to the job and he set about the task with characteristic vigour. A two-year modernization programme was carried out and his chairmanship of the working group on managing the historic environment, resulting in the publication of the report, "Power of Place". This report, and the Governmentís response, "A Force for Our Future", set the agenda for modernisation of heritage protection and management. During this time, and before and since, he has broadcast and published prolifically on industrial archaeology, his specialist field, as well as on conservation and the landscape.9

This was a demanding career but, during all this time, he has retained an interest in his home town, returning several times to support the local history society at its important milestone anniversaries and provided invaluable support, for instance, to the successful campaign to save Manor School - his and his fatherís old school - from demolition. Throughout the country - and indeed, in other parts of the world - many conservation groups have benefited from his experience, wise counsel and great enthusiasm.

Sir Neil received an OBE in 1982 in recognition of his pioneering work at Ironbridge as its founding Director. He was knighted in 1994.

1His retirement event was held in June 2007 at St Pancras Station - in recognition of Sir Neil's close involvement in the restoration of the station. hotel and the magnificent Barlow train shed - the new home for Eurostar. Click Here for pictures taken by Ernest Pollard at the time. The blue plaque (shown above, right), in the style of an English Heritage blue plaque, was presented to him on that occasion. The Cossons family home, at 38 Union Street, Beeston, no longer survives as a possibility for such a plaque as the house was demolished when Middle Street was widened. The photograph of Neil, shown top right, was taken in February 2009 when he delivered the Maurice Barley Lecture on the life of his father, to the Thoroton Society in Nottingham; he is shown against the background of an image of a class of his father's school.
2In his preface to BP Book of Industrial Archaeology (David & Charles, 1975, ISBN 0715362501)
3More recently known as Manor school and now restored, renovated and incorporated in a recent residential development. Arthur Cossons had taught at the school before his appointment as Head, but moved to take temporary charge of a forerunner of the new Junior School at Beeston Fields from 1929.
4Although not a pupil at Church Street, David Hallam remembers vividly a "reward" for a local history project undertaken in his primary school years - an afternoon spent with Mr Cossons, being shown his private museum at the school. Just one example of many who were inspired by Mr Cossons.
5The remains of the cross have now been set sensitively, by the developers, within a bay in the fencing around the old school building. It is lit at night, but, unfortunately, has not been supplied with an interpretive plaque.
6Beeston & District Local History Society, 2001 : ISBN 0954148509
7Where, incidentally, he was a contemporary of both David Hallam, owner of this site, and Ernest Pollard, author of The Pollards of Beeston.
8Neil's sister Hilda also took part in the expeditions with their father to discover historical traces in the surrounding area; her subsequent career in the museum service was clearly influenced by that experience.
9Books written by Neil Cossons include:
BP Book of Industrial Archaeology - David & Charles, 1975 - ISBN 0715362501
Perspectives on Industrial Archaeology - Science Museum, 2000 - ISBN 1900747316
The Iron Bridge (with Barrie Trinder) - Phillimore & Co Ltd, New Edition, 2002 - ISBN 1860772307
Ironbridge (with Harry Sowden, photographer) - Cassell, 1977 - ISBN 0304296937
Perspectives on Railway History (with National Railway Publications) - Ian Allan Ltd - ISBN 1872826016
Industrial Monuments in the Mendip, South Cotswold and Bristol Region - Bristol Archaeology Research Group, 1968 - ISBN 0900198036
Bristol - Industrial History in Pictures (with R A Buchanan) - David & Charles, 1970 - ISBN 0715347454

© David Hallam - 2007